Repubblica del Botswana

Republic of Botswana
Gaborone, Francistown, Molepolole, Selebi-Phikwe, Maun, Serowe, Kanye, Mahalapye, Mogoditshane, Mochudi
10 districts: Central, Chobe, Ghanzi, Kgalagadi, Kgatleng, Kweneng, North East, North West, South East, Southern, 6 town councils: Francistown, Gaborone, Jwaneng, Lobatse, Selebi-Phikwe, Sowa Town
South Africa, Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Parliamentary republic
Christian 79.1%, Badimo 4.1%, other 1.4%
Pula (BWP)
1 USD = 10.7709 BWP; 1 EUR = 11.4304 BWP
3.1 % (2016 est)
3.4% (2016 est)
20% (2013)
Botswana’s climate is semiarid with warm winters and hot summers. The temperature ranges (daily and annual) are quite high. It is noteworthy that the hottest month is July (24°) and the coldest January (11°)
1 Jan. New Year’s Day; Apr. Good Friday; Apr./May Easter Monday; 1 May Labour Day; May/Jun. Ascension; 1 Jul. Sir Seretse Khama Day (birth of the first president); Jul. President’s Day; 30 Sep. Independence Day; 1 Oct. Botswana Day Holiday; 25 Dec. Christmas Day; 26 Dec. Boxing Day
Required passport with six months of validity left
64 airports; 888km of railroad track; roadways 17,916km
President: Ian Khama, Vice-President: Mokgweetsi Masisi

Repubblica del Botswana

Economy: Botswana’s sustained economic growth averaging 5% per annum over the past decade, has been among the fastest in the world. However, heavy reliance on commodities renders the country vulnerable to international market fluctuations. Prolonged uncertainty in global markets and the slow pace of economic recovery in advanced countries continue to act as a drag on Botswana's economic outlook. Extended drought further exacerbated economic performance, adversely affecting agriculture. In addition, electricity and water supply disruptions had unfavorable impact on manufacturing, trade, tourism, transport and communications sectors. The fiscal position moved sharply into deficit after three years of consecutive surpluses. The government relies mainly on two volatile sources of revenue inflows, mineral revenues (which accounts for almost 40% of total revenue) and Southern African Customs Union (SACU) revenues (over one-quarter of total revenue).

Export and partners: 49.7% of GDP. The main exported products are copper and nickel, diamonds, beef, textiles, accounting for about 90% of total exports. Major export destinations are: Belgium (23.6% of total exports), India (20.3%), the United States (11.5%), South Africa (11.3%) and Namibia (9.9%).1

Import and partners: 49.5% of GDP. Botswana imports fuel, food, beverages and tobacco, machinery and electric equipment, chemical and rubber products and vehicles. Its top import partners are: South Africa (60.9% of total imports), Canada (10.7%) and the UK (7.7%).1

Primary sector: Botswana primary sector is low productive, due to frequent droughts, and an underdeveloped agro-zootechnics that contributes to GNP for less than 4%. However, cereal crops (mainly sorghum, maize and millet), sunflower and cotton plantations are a consistent and important source for the sector. In these crops are employed modern and efficient methods. Cattle and goats are economically essential, and supply the domestic market of milk, meat and skins.

Secondary sector: diamond industry is the main source of income for the country and it is partially state ownership and another half is public. The main deposits of diamonds (Jwaneng, Lethakana, Orapa) provide annually about 21 million carats. Remarkable is also the extraction of gold, nickel, carbon, manganese, copper. The industry is developed as well in the textile and food sectors (meat, beer).

Tertiary sector: this sector is fast developing and already contributes more than half of GNP. Tourism, coming especially from South Africa, provides a considerable input to the economic development of the country.

1Source: "Botswana Exports" and "Botswana Imports" in Trading Economics

in Repubblica del Botswana